At present, there is an upsurge of "machine replacement" in the domestic manufacturing industry
In this context, there must be a large number of professional recruits into the non-standard automation industry, but the field of non-standard automation is complex, and the road of technology is long. It is not easy to get started quickly. What's the difficulty? These seven "roadblocks" need to know!
1、 The threshold of non-standard equipment enterprises is low, and the quality of personnel is uneven.
Why there are so many non-standard manufacturers in the market? The reason is that the initial investment cost of non-standard equipment factory is low, and the whole investment is estimated to be about dozens.
Usually, the entrepreneurial mode of non-standard equipment factory is that two or three shareholders invest together, one is responsible for sales, one is responsible for technology, and one shareholder is responsible for after-sales. It does not need big capital and large enterprises to intervene.
This situation leads to the non-standard equipment industry is relatively closed, the industry can not be shuffled, good money can not drive out bad money, and the good and bad enterprises are intermingled.
2、 The scale of the non-standard equipment market has increased, but the cake is bigger, and more people share the cake.
In 2000, only some Taiwan enterprises in the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta were well-known for making non-standard equipment in China, and the total number of these enterprises was about 30.
According to the relevant statistics, the scale of non-standard equipment in that year was estimated to be about 600 million, accounting for about 70% of the market share.
In recent years, there are nearly 70 non-standard equipment and automation equipment enterprises in Dongguan. There are countless small-scale non-standard equipment in China, with the order of magnitude of more than 10000. The market scale is estimated to grow to about 60 billion.
In a word, although the market scale has increased by 100 times, the manufacturers have increased by 1000 times. The new market is occupied by many small manufacturers. Failed to form scale enterprises.
3、 The advantages of scale enterprises are not obvious
Although small enterprises are the mainstream of non-standard industries, there are also some medium-sized non-standard enterprises with more than 100 people.
The annual output value of these medium-sized non-standard enterprises is tens of millions, but due to management problems, designers and equipment personnel do not show enough sense of responsibility, resulting in some medium-sized non-standard enterprises' product quality performance is not satisfactory. Over time, many enterprises turn to small non-standard enterprises to buy relatively cheap non-standard products.
4、 The industry is loose and there is no organizational advantage.
There is no Industry Association for non-standard equipment. Without industry associations, it is very difficult for the government to hear the voice from non-standard industries, and even the various manufacturers do not communicate with each other.
Non standard equipment enterprises have a strong sense of vigilance. They are afraid that their technology will be learned by others, their customers will be robbed by others, and their key personnel will be poached by others. This kind of non-contact and non group cooperation leads to non-standard equipment falling into the pit of price competition.
A non-standard enterprise should sell technology and solutions, but now many non-standard enterprises are talking about material cost and management cost with customers. We should explain more about how much cost our non-standard equipment can save for customers and how much benefit it can improve. What we get is the reasonable return of our mental work.
5、 The requirements of enterprises for non-standard automation are relatively primary, which restricts the development of the industry to a higher level.
Under the pressure of human resource shortage, manufacturing enterprises choose automation. However, from the perspective of saving human resources, automation can be roughly divided into three stages: semi automation, full automation, automation and information integration.
Based on cost considerations, many enterprises choose semi-automatic equipment, and the slightly complex processes are completed manually. For this kind of semi-automatic product, a person who knows more about Mechatronics can complete all the designs independently. A large number of such low-level automation requirements restrict the development of non-standard industry to a higher level.
6、 It pursues the principle of "taking" and has few innovative research and development.
There are few new inventions, new creations and new applications in domestic non-standard enterprises. It is popular for domestic enterprises to visit exhibitions at home and abroad. One of the important purposes is to discover new applications, new processes and new technologies.
In many ways, this approach has a very positive significance. It shortens the level of equipment gap between China and developed countries, improves the degree of industrial modernization and agricultural modernization, and reduces the labor intensity of the masses.
However, there is no doubt that this kind of plagiarism in the name of reference has seriously reduced the enthusiasm of enterprises to develop new technologies and new applications; over time, it has affected the technical ability of China's automation equipment industry, making the core always in the hands of European and American enterprises.
For long-term development, we must attach great importance to the protection of intellectual property rights, so that enterprises can get long-term and stable benefits from R & D. the non-standard equipment industry especially needs to protect intellectual property rights.